Software Development Projects And What Are The Best Methods

What are the best methods for software development projects

The crucial component is when choosing the correct software development life cycle process that is required to create the project, as all other processes are comprised from this process. The software development projects including the spiral method may often be used instead of the waterfall method.

This way any problem may be corrected early and ensuring the testing process has more chance of success. The artifact from the development process can then be analyzed.

The testing process is an imperative part of software development that needs to be planned prior to coding. The testing process is created during the application designing and coding phase.

The project management remains essential to the success of the project. The project manager is constantly aware of these expectations. Rapid Development RAD is one system.

There has also been a notable change to the software process recently, this has been the emergence of the terminology: agile. The agile software methods and the introduction of agility to the development team, determines a change to the well established processes.

Communicating is crucial to success. Including the developing software development plan combining strategy. The architecture and any design or coding requirements. It is of great importance for the development team to know exactly what needs to be created.

As the majority of the software development is a hectic process, termed code and fix, as the software sometimes is created without a correct plan or only short term emphasis. This can work with a small project but as the system grows it is very difficult to add new elements to the system. In addition to this bugs can become a big problem and can be difficult to fix.

The entire software development plan and processing of any system will require the main components of communication, management, planning, testing and implementation. These steps can create ease.

Once a system is developed, it would be beneficial to provide troubleshooting and support to ensure the end user can actually use the software and also any bugs within the system may actually be made known through this process and ensuring to correct architecture for the development.

It is also important to ensure the design is also acceptable as the application must be easy to use, easy to understand and simplicity will contribute greatly to the success of this project and all future projects as there is structure.

Logistics Planning Software – Is it Right For Your Company?

If your company has shipping needs and it doesn’t have its own shipping fleet, then you know how frustrating it can be to find shipping solutions that offer you everything that you need at the same time: timely delivery, low cost and dependability. For small to midsize companies that don’t have a large shipping budget, trying to find these three qualities on an ongoing basis can take more time than they seem worth, especially when companies don’t have logistics experts on their payroll. After a few months or less, companies in this position become tired of overpaying for shipping options that they don’t need and usually decide to invest in a transportation logistics solution.

Traditionally, realizing a logistics solution meant hiring a third party logistics (3PL) provider. But the trend of outsourcing logistics is gradually being reversed as companies begin to see the value of using logistics planning software to manage their shipping operations. Transportation logistics software offers several advantages over 3PL, including lower price, enhanced logistics expertise, more control over the shipping process and less shipping process disruption. But in order to find out if logistics planning software is right for your company, it helps to answer the following two questions:

Could you Benefit from Less than Truckload (LTL) Shipping?

LTL shipping is where two or more partial freight loads are combined into a full freight load, with the shipping cost being split between the shippers. If you don’t want to waste money shipping your partial loads as full loads and your shipments are large to make parcel shipping realistic, chances are that you could benefit from LTL shipping. The downside of LTL shipping is that, due to the increased number of stops to pick up and deliver shipments, shipments may take longer to arrive at their destination. But transportation logistics software can be used to determine an LTL arrangement that would deliver your shipment faster than other LTL arrangements.

Do you Want More Control Over Your Shipping Process?

This question might seem like a no-brainer, but there are companies that wish to wash their hands of the logistics situation and have a third party do the work. However, there are two things that these companies seldom realize: due to its customizable features and easy to use interface, logistics planning software doesn’t amount to “work”; and not using logistics software narrows shipping options. For example, if an LTL carrier finds it unfeasible to offer the level of “discount” that a 3PL provider desires (receiving a freight discount and then charging their customers a higher price is how 3PL companies make their money), then that carrier typically becomes off limits through a 3PL company, regardless of what benefits it might offer your shipping process. Taking control of your shipping process through logistics software amounts to more than a semantic notion of “control”; it means having more control over your company’s finances and more control over the companies that you ship with.

Software Development – Risk Management

The first thing to accept is that software development is unpredictable. No matter what new fangled software is implemented and how many function points are estimated, experience has shown that making the target date (let alone achieving the desired quality outcomes), is a hit and miss affair.

Risk may arise due to loosely defined requirements, difficulties in estimating the time and/or resources needed for the software development, dependence on individual skills and rapidly changing requirements due to changing needs.

Here are some thoughts on how to make the unpredictable a little bit more predictable.

Spend more time setting objectives

Project objectives are important. A project should not be initiated without well thought out objectives. Spend time analysing what the project is trying to achieve. The project objectives need to provide guidance to the programmer for every programming task. Pin up the objectives for each programmer to see.

Here is an example of setting an objective. I was asked to analyse the requirements of a busy manager. His manual filing system was constantly in use, and never in order. A system was needed that would maintain the current details, and ensure that records could always be found. That was easy enough. However, during the interview, the phone rang constantly, with requests for information. The objective finally agreed on was “Eliminate the phone requests”. This led to a very successful solution, but completely different to that originally envisaged.

Having set the objectives of the project, do an exhaustive analysis of how the objectives can be achieved. This should eliminate unrealistic objectives – like “The best and nicest and cheapest and quickest”.

Do not spend too much time gathering requirements.

Rigid analysis stifles programmer and user creativity. It is also no guarantee against a software disaster. Where the documentation of the requirements runs into several volumes, it usually guarantees a software disaster.

Users frequently do not know what they want, but they will recognise it when they see it! What was the original requirement may not be what was wanted at all. Rather spend time on creating a solid project framework that will enable you to achieve the major objectives.

Break a project into multiple tasks.

Wherever possible, a large project should be broken into smaller tasks. Each task will then be more predictable with less to do and less that can go wrong.

The initial programming task should be to create a framework with minimal functionality. Create dummy procedures to show the style and the intent – it is important for the users to see the “look and feel” of the project early in the development cycle. It is equally important for the users to get involved right from the start. What you want is users to start “owning” the project.

With the project objectives soundly set, the basic functionality should be subject to little change. The dummy procedures can be completed once the project concepts and design have been approved. Later tasks can then add the “bells and whistles”.

The project must be “infinitely modifiable”.

The project must be designed so that it can handle major changes to requirements. With a soundly defined framework and infinitely modifiable design, the effect of users changing their minds will be minimal. As will the consequences of new or better ideas as the project evolves.

There needs to extensive thought on how an “infinitely modifiable” system can be created. This must be done before any programming is initiated. “Top down”, modular design standards will help.

The consequences of having a rigid system are unpleasant. When change occurs, and it will, you will have very unhappy management when the target date needs to be extended. Equally unpleasant is to send the programmers on a “death march” to get the project finished on time.

Do not use new or complex technology

Using straightforward, tried and trusted Software provides a head start. There is always some advantage in using the latest version of software – but there can also be a heavy cost. If new technology is essential for the project, then an independent trial of the software is needed to ensure adequate technical knowledge and that all the software bugs have been ironed out (are they ever?).

Relying on immature software with limited programmer exposure to the software is a recipe for disaster.

Hire only the best and brightest

The success of a software project is mainly dependent upon the abilities of the developers. They determine, more than any other factor, the viability of a project and have a tremendous influence on productivity.

A few tips: The successful applicant should have a keen sense of humour (see De Bono and Lateral Thinking) and a good grasp of idiomatic English. Excellent communication is all important.

Do not proceed with a large project where the best and brightest have recently left the company. The company will be suffering from the “skim milk” syndrome – and you need the cream of the crop for successful development.

Reusable code

It is always productive to collect a large library of reusable code. The procedures should be used to standardise: error handling, database access, edit routines, grid handling, etc. The reusable code will reduce debugging times, as each procedure will be called multiple times. It also lessens the amount of coding needed.